In fact, the opposition generally quotes outdated studies that show detrimental effects on children raised by same sex couples. Because of the broad range of authorised persons, there are varying levels of support for any change in the definition of marriage that gives equal legal recognition to same sex relationships. But the idea that the concept of friendship has simply changed rang hollow to him—especially given that in many ancient societies, homosexuality was conventional and so might well have been part of a normal friendship. However, transsexuals and transgender individuals are currently offered the least protection from discrimination and hate crimes. While some states enacted the Defense of Marriage Act, others have not explicitly forbidden the legal recognition of same sex marriage, but they have also not allowed it as of yet. A government lacking the courage to undertake a major reform may decide to do so when backed by the support of the people in a plebiscite. Soon after this finding, Hawaiian legislators added such a definition to the state constitution and thus made moot the issuing of marriage licenses to same-sex partners. Position of the political parties The 43rd Parliament saw a shift in political party attitudes to same-sex marriage. In contrast, some countries have passed laws that explicitly forbid same sex marriage. Supreme Court building, Washington, D. Generally, lawmakers in conservative states, push for the enactment of DOMA, as well as further laws that prohibit the legal recognition of same sex marriage. Many countries have yet to reach a consensus on these issues. Although same-sex marriage has been regulated through law, religion, and custom in most countries of the world, the legal and social responses have ranged from celebration on the one hand to criminalization on the other. As noted above the Leyonhjelm Bill does this to some extent, providing an exemption for authorised celebrants based on conscience. At the beginning of the 21st century a clear majority of the U. The Court added, a system that would make marriage services available according to the personal religious beliefs of commissioners is highly problematic.