It also significantly increased its confiscation of assets from traffickers. France is also party to the Optional Protocol to the International Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. In the strategies put in place, it should be noted: The government reported convicting 19 trafficking offenders under its anti-trafficking statute in , the most recent year for which data was available, compared with 33 convicted trafficking offenders in It is intimately linked with European trafficking, as some of the victims from West Africa arrive in Western Europe via the Balkans and Eastern Europe. The European Commission is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. The law also allocates money to provide job training to prostitutes who want to quit, and foreign women receive a temporary visa if they leave the sex trade. Some migrants who could not pay their smugglers are held in debt bondage. The government reported police and other authorities identified and referred trafficking victims to NGOs for assistance in ; however, it reported that it did not officially collect or track data on the actual number or percentage of these identified victims that it referred for shelter and assistance. The scale of this trafficking has led to a major black economy, which is a factor in destabilizing States. The victims identified in included French, Chinese, Nigerian, Romanian, and were other nationalities. An Interministerial Mission for the protection of women victims of violence and the fight against trafficking in human beings MIPROF was established by law on 3 January Victims were eligible for temporary residence permits, regardless of whether they cooperated with police investigations. Whether as country of origin, transit or destination for the victims, almost every State in the world is affected by this phenomenon, which is recognized as a crime against humanity. In April , the government passed the Law to Strengthen the Fight Against Prostitution, which penalizes purchasers of commercial sex, thereby reducing the demand for commercial sex.